Proponents of Ethereum have long argued that ETH will one day become the world’s largest cryptocurrency. Though the jury is still out on whether ether can leapfrog bitcoin for top spot in the market cap ranking, the protocol has already established itself as the premier building block for the crypto economy.
Hundreds of cryptocurrency projects have been launched on the Ethereum blockchain. At last check, Ethereum-based tokens accounted for more than 90% of token capitalization.
Amid the hundreds of ICOs launched via ERC-20 or ERC-23, about 50 stand out from the perspective of market capitalization. Among those, six coins have a market cap of $1 billion or greater. That figure that was as high as a dozen during the peak of the crypto bull market.
Below is a breakdown of the five largest Ethereum projects by market cap. Despite their success, these currencies can still be had at a fraction of the cost of ether.
1. EOS (EOS)
EOS is currently ranked No. 1 among Ethereum projects with a total market cap of nearly $9.9 billion. The cryptocurrency made significant moves last month and eventually reached the fifth spot on the crypto-market ranking. Though the official explanation was tied to a lucrative airdrop and growing optimism over the upcoming eos.ios platform, suspicion of an elaborate pump-and-dump soon materialized.
At its core, EOS provides infrastructure services for the fast-growing and highly-touted decentralized applications market. As deployment of dApps continues to grow, EOS could be poised to reap the benefits.
EOS trading volumes are averaging more than $1.6 billion daily. Its major markets include Bithumb, Huobi, Bitfinex and OKEx.
2. Tron (TRX)
The Tron hype machine, led by founder Justin Sun, has catapulted TRX into a premier cryptocurrency when measured in terms of market cap and overall trade volumes.
Tron’s vision is to develop a blockchain-based content sharing platform to tap into the trillion-dollar digital entertainment industry. Though the project has succeeded in establishing strong partnerships, it has also been accused of plagiarizing content from projects like Filecoin and IPFS.
Justin Sun’s company was in the spotlight again last month when it announced a $2 billion reward pool for its development program.
TRX sees average volumes of around $600 million, with the bulk of activity generated on Upbit, Bithumb and Binance. It has a total market cap of roughly $4.7 billion.
3. VeChain (VEN)
VeChain hasn’t generated the same media storm as an EOS or a Tron but has quietly emerged as a top-20 cryptocurrency with a market cap close to $2 billion. The IOT blockchain is doubling down on technologies such as RFID chips, near-field communication and sensor keys in pursuit of hyper connectivity.
Although IOT has generated a lot of buzzwords in the tech industry, Cisco has described it as the $19 trillion opportunity. The extension of the internet to the real world is occurring at a rapid pace, with the likes of Samsung vowing to embed AI and connectivity in all its appliances by 2020.
As for VeChain, it has already developed strong partnerships with the likes of PwC and DNV GL, a global risk management company.
VEN tokens generate less than $80 million in daily turnover, with LBank and Binance facilitating the vast majority of market orders.
4. Binance Coin (BNB)
If we’re measuring the top ERC projects solely by market cap, then Binance Coin is a top-five coin. In terms of trade volume, it ranks all the way down in eleventh spot.
As the name implies, Binance Coin is the crypto asset issued by the Binance exchange, which is the world’s largest by total trade volume. Launched with a strict limit of 200 million tokens, BNB allows users to pay for trading, exchange and listing fees on the Binance exchange.
Binance recently burned roughly $30 million worth of BNB tokens. Under its repurchase plan, a maximum of 50% of BNB tokens will be burned throughout the coin’s life cycle, leaving only 100 million in circulation.
This article is certainly no plug for Binance, but the exchange’s rapid growth over the past eight months is reflected in the performance of its native currency. BNB was launched last July via initial coin offering. Today, it averages more than $66 million in daily turnover.
5. OmiseGo (OMG)
OmiseGo may not have the same name recognition as the top altcoins, but its fundamentals are among the strongest in the market. The company has made significant inroads in Southeast Asia, including signing a Memorandum of Understanding with a major South Korean credit card company.
These developments are key in light of OmiseGo’s stated objective, which is to boost financial inclusion and interoperability through the blockchain. In other words, it seeks to provide better financial services for people in developing countries who lack traditional banking infrastructure.
As far as the author is aware, OmiseGo is the only crypto asset outside of Ethereum that is backed by Vitalik Buterin. The Ethereum founder serves on the OMG advisory board.
The OMG token is capitalized at roughly $1.1 billion with daily turnover of $45 million. The cryptocurrency is available on several leading exchanges, including Binance, Huobi and OKEx.
Disclaimer: The author owns bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. He holds investment positions in the coins, but does not engage in short-term or day-trading.
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